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Glorious History, Significance and Key Facts

Glorious History, Significance and Key Facts

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Mom tongue is a pure language. And all that’s pure is filled with life and vitality. Subsequently, the mom tongue is the language of consciousness and the automobile of consciousness. Mom tongue is the same as breast milk. Recognizing that the mom tongue on the worldwide stage just isn’t very outdated.

Worldwide Mom Language Day is widely known worldwide on February 21. Worldwide Mom Language Day was accredited by (UNESCO) in 1999. Typically, Worldwide Mom Language Day is widely known on February 21 to advertise multilingualism and lift linguistic and cultural variety consciousness. Not solely is language a method of communication, nevertheless it additionally displays a wealthy cultural and mental heritage.

This present day is mournful and wonderful within the nation’s life. Ekushey, in February 1952, was the primary manifestation of Bengali resistance to colonial dominance and rule exploitation and the primary manifestation of nationwide consciousness.

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On that day, Rafiq, Jabbar, Salam, Barkat, and Safiur poured recent blood on the chest to maintain the dignity of the mom tongue, Bangla. That is the primary time in historical past that chest blood has been poured on the streets within the title of the mom tongue. The unhappy alphabet and their mom’s language have been chained that day in change for his or her blood. And thru this, the wrestle for the event of Bengali nationhood was began and finalized by way of the emergence of impartial Bangladesh on the wonderful path of the Liberation Battle.

Ekushey February has subsequently change into a logo of everlasting inspiration for Bengalis. From the very first hour of Ekushey, the nation has remembered the language martyrs with a grateful coronary heart. With all of the feelings within the coronary heart, the immortal mourning tune of Ekushey performs in everybody’s voice.

“Ekushey February was dyed in my brother’s blood.”

Can I not point out… 

Historical past of Bengali Language Motion:

Ekushey February is the month of inspiration for the roots of the damaged nation. This present day has strengthened the id of the custom. As a Bengali-language state, Bangladesh has gained a spot of honor worldwide. Rabindranath Tagore, the poet of this language, was awarded the world’s most dear Nobel Prize in 1913 for writing the immortal poem “Gitanjali.” Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the Nation, launched Bangla to the world stage in 1974 by delivering a speech in Bangla on the United Nations Common Meeting.

In 1999, UNESCO acknowledged Bangla as Worldwide Mom Language Day. In 2010, the Common Meeting of the Jatiya Sangsad unanimously adopted the decision “Ekushey February shall be celebrated because the Worldwide Mom Language Day yearly” from “Now. And on this manner, the method of globalizing the Bengali language is happening.

The language motion began on September 1, 1947, by the hands of Tamaddun Majlish, a literary and cultural group based by Professor Abul Kashem of Dhaka College. On September 15, Tamaddun Majlish printed a booklet titled “State Language of Pakistan: Bangla or Urdu?” The authors of this booklet, Kazi Motahar Hossain, Abul Mansur Ahmed, and Professor Abul Kashem, strongly demanded the institution of Bengali because the language of change and courtroom.

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On February 23, 1948, Urdu and English declared the official languages within the Constituent Meeting of Pakistan. Dhirendranath Dutta, the consultant of East Bengal within the Constituent Meeting, proposed to undertake Bengali because the language of the Constituent Meeting together with Urdu and English because the languages of the vast majority of the folks of Pakistan. When the Pakistani Constituent Meeting rejected his proposal, protests, and demonstrations broke out in East Bengal. 

Following this, the Rashtrabhasha Sangram Parishad was fashioned at a gathering on February 27. Within the assembly, it was determined to watch a hartal throughout the nation on Thursday, March 11, demanding the popularity of Bengali because the state language. From 1948 to 1951, March 11 was celebrated as “State Language Day.”

Key Information Earlier than twenty first February 1952: 

On March 21, 1948, at a civic reception on the Racecourse Floor, Muhammad Ali Jinnah introduced that “Urdu can be the one state language of Pakistan.”

Talking at a convocation ceremony at Dhaka College’s Curzon Corridor on March 24, Muhammad Ali Jinnah categorically rejected the demand to ascertain Bengali because the state language, saying, “The state language of Pakistan shall be one, and that’s Urdu. Solely Urdu represents the Muslim id of Pakistan.” 

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Jinnah’s assertion evoked a pointy response on the convention, and the scholars stood up and protested, saying, “no, no.” On account of Jinnah’s clear anti-Bangla stance, the language motion in Pakistan gained extra acceptance up to now.

The second section of the language motion started with the speech of Khwaja Nazimuddin on January 27, 1952. “Urdu would be the state language of Pakistan,” he mentioned at a public assembly at Paltan Maidan.

The assembly was held to protest Nazimuddin’s speech and a scholar strike in Dhaka on January 30. On that day, the coed leaders gathered at Amtala and determined to watch a strike and protest assembly on February 4 and a nationwide hartal on February 21. Later, they marched in direction of Burdwan Home.

The subsequent day, on January 31, 1952, at a gathering held on the Bar Library Corridor of Dhaka College, a 40-member “All-Celebration Central State Language Employees Council” was fashioned with Kazi Golam Mahbub because the convener beneath the chairmanship of Maulana Bhasani. Council, in its assembly on February 21, adopted the motion plan of hartals, rallies, and processions.

International Mother Language DayGlorius Historical past and Significance of twenty first February 1952:

On February 20, by way of the native administration, the federal government imposed Part 144, which banned rallies and processions in Dhaka for a month beginning February 21. The scholars of Dhaka College held conferences in numerous halls and determined to violate Part 144.

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Based on the pre-scheduled program, on February 21, college students of various instructional establishments gathered on the Dhaka College premises from 9 a.m. They continued to boost slogans towards the imposition of Part 144. They urged the members of the East Bengal Legislative Council to think about most of the people’s views concerning the Bengali language. Round 2:00 p.m., Abdul Malik, Gaziul Haque, and different leaders remained adamant about fulfilling their calls for.

When the scholars got here out on the streets with the slogan “Rashtrabhasha Bangla Chai” in small teams, the police lathi-charged them. Even the scholars weren’t spared from the assault. When the scholars began throwing brickbats on the police, the police used tear gasoline. The police failed to regulate the agitated college students and opened hearth on the procession resulting in the Constituent Meeting constructing.

Abdul Jabbar, Rafiq Uddin Ahmed, and Abul Barkat have been killed within the firing. Most of the injured have been admitted to the hospital. Because the information of the coed’s homicide unfold rapidly, the folks grew to become offended. On February 22, Nurul Amin Sarkar unexpectedly moved a decision to acknowledge Bengali because the state language of Pakistan, and the decision was handed unanimously.

Recognition of Bangla because the State Language of East Pakistan:

On Might 7, 1954, on the initiative of the United Entrance authorities, the Authorities of Pakistan adopted a decision recognizing Bangla as a state language. On February 16, 1956, the Constituent Meeting of Pakistan acknowledged Bengali because the state language and moved a decision to incorporate it within the Structure.

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On February 26, 1956, the Nationwide Meeting of Pakistan handed a structure recognizing Bangla and Urdu because the state languages of Pakistan. On March 3 of that yr, the Structure of Pakistan, which acknowledged Bengali because the state language, got here into drive. The mom tongue motion was profitable in 1947 by way of the Tamaddun Majlish.

The day was celebrated on February 21, 1953. At this time, folks from all walks of life took half within the prabhatpheri barefoot and go to the Shaheed Minar to pay deep homage and floral tributes. All through the day, folks put on black badges as an indication of mourning. It additionally reveals respect for the reminiscence of the language motion by way of dialogue conferences, cultural packages, and so forth.

Ekushey FebruaryBangla because the Nationwide Language of Bangladesh: 

Bangla just isn’t solely the language of Bangladesh in the present day; it’s a identified language that has created an excellent historical past for the world. And the primary contribution to this introduction is that of Rabindranath Tagore. In 1913, his immortal poem Gitanjali gained him the Nobel Prize. By means of this, the world realized concerning the Bengali language, beginning the method of globalization of the Bengali language.

After Bangladesh gained independence in 1971, the Father of the Nation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, took the initiative to provide the Bengali language a genuinely world kind. His ambition was first carried out on the United Nations Common Meeting. The United Nations operates in 5 languages. Presidents of all nations, prime ministers, and appointed representatives of the United Nations communicate one of many 5 languages. Solely Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman gave a speech in Bangla as a member state of the United Nations Common Meeting on March 23, 1974.

Recognition as Worldwide Mom Tongue by UNESCO: 

On November 17, 1999, Toghuzhaing acknowledged the Bangla language as a global mom tongue, incomes it a humongous fame worldwide. 

Because the “Worldwide Mom Language Day,” the celebration of Amar Ekushey worldwide is undoubtedly an enormous supply of nationwide delight and honor. Since 2000, UNESCO member states have celebrated this as Worldwide Mom Language Day.

On March 15, 2001, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina laid the muse stone of the Worldwide Mom Language Institute within the presence of UN Secretary-Common Ban Ki-moon at Segunbagicha in Dhaka. Presently, the Worldwide Mom Language Institute is working as a global bridge within the language discipline together with linguistic analysis, language preservation, and coaching, which is enjoying a task in bringing the Bengali language to world standing.

On November 3, 2010, Bangladesh moved the proposal to rejoice Worldwide Mom Language Day within the 4th Committee of the sixty fifth Common Meeting of the United Nations, and the decision was adopted unanimously. In consequence, it set a shining instance of the steadfast assist and respect proven by the world to the Bengali nation and the Bengali language. Past the borders of Bangladesh, Bengali language and cultural practices are rising all around the world. Bengali is among the most spoken languages on the planet concerning the variety of mom tongues.

Bangla because the Regional Language in Numerous States: 

The variety of nations utilizing Bangla on the state stage is one: Bangladesh. Constitutionally, the state language of Bangladesh is Bangla. Aside from this, Bengali is among the administrative languages of the West Bengal, Tripura Province, and Assam Province of India, so within the case of India, Bengali is a regional language. Exterior the Indian subcontinent

Bengali has been given the standing of an official language solely in Sierra Leone, Africa. In 2016, the Australian Parliament handed a invoice to acknowledge Bangla. In consequence, the Bengali language has a one-of-a-kind standing.

There are 100 universities in 30 nations within the exterior world the place hundreds of non-Bengali college students are doing Bengali language schooling and analysis yearly. In addition to, 33 volumes of Rabindra Rachanabali have been translated into Chinese language, and Lalon’s songs and philosophy have been translated into English and Japanese.

Bengali language, literature, historical past, and tradition are probably the most broadly practiced in Britain and America, after India and Bangladesh within the exterior world. Aside from this, the tradition of Bengali is practiced in numerous nations, together with China, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Germany, Poland, and Australia. No less than ten universities and Asian analysis facilities in the USA educate Bengali. Notable amongst them are New York, Chicago, Florida, California, and Virginia.

Bangla language channels can be found on state radios in six nations worldwide. Separate Bangla packages are broadcast on radios in ten different nations. There are six Bangladeshi-owned and Bengali-language tv channels within the UK and 10 within the US. Twelve Bengali weekly magazines are printed in Bitren. There’s a Bengali radio station named “Betar Bangla.”

There are three Bengali radio stations in Rome and Venice and 5 Bengali newspapers in Italy. There are six on-line televisions from Italy and greater than 100 Fb televisions on non-public initiatives. Moreover, bangla language printed and on-line magazines are printed in eight European nations, together with Denmark, Sweden, and 6 Center Japanese nations.

Remembrance of the Glorius Achievement 

Ekushey February is widely known worldwide because the “lighthouse of our minds.” Twenty-one is now a logo of language and rights struggles, and dignity worldwide. Our delight, the Shaheed Minar, stands tall in numerous elements of the world.

Some occasions unfold the sunshine of consciousness all around the world. Our brothers, our language martyrs, are beneath the solemn oath of that spirit. That blood has a historical past: Dhaka Medical Complicated.

No nation can transfer ahead with out the safety, improvement, and follow of its mom tongue, not even the Bengali nation. And on this manner, the Bengali language is changing into one of many main technique of globalization.

 

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